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Text Box: Ed Gilbert, aka ‘Redwood-Ed’, is a forest naturalist, advocate and experienced hike leader. Ed has vast experience exploring the 450-mile redwood belt from the ‘Big Sur’, in central California, to the ‘Chetco River Basin’, in southern Oregon’s ‘Siskiyou National Forest’. Ed’s thousands of hours of hike leading and exploring in the redwoods have been devoted to the study and interpretation of the forest’s ecology and history, both natural and man-made. He has organized and led hikes for more than three hundred groups, including tourist, corporate, environmental, senior, youth, avid hikers and state parks staff. He has trained redwood forest hike leaders and interpreters, has served 28 years as a California State Parks’ volunteer and associate, has first-hand knowledge of past logging and lumbering practices, and has studied forest ecology, plant identification and nature interpretation. Ed, a recipient of the Santa Cruz County ‘Be the Difference Award’ and the ‘California Poppy Award’, for exemplary volunteer service to California State Parks, is the former owner, president and CEO of ‘DSC Diamond-Bilt’. He has a ‘BS-Engineering’ degree from Oregon State University, and he is a registered ‘Professional Engineer’ in California. Ed’s past and present environmental endeavors and affiliations include: 

Text Box:  Gilbert Redwood Excursions (Owner & Chief Hike Leader)
 The Advocates for The Forest of Nisene Marks (Vice-President & Director)
 The California Department of Parks and Recreation (20-year Volunteer)
 The California State Parks Foundation (Member)
 The Mountain Parks Foundation (Member)
 The Nature Conservancy (Member)
 The Save-the-Redwoods League (Member - Redwood Circle & Legacy Circle)
 The Sempervirens Fund (Member)
 The Sierra Club (Ventana Chapter Wilderness Hike Leader)
 The Yosemite Conservancy (Member)
Text Box: Informational Notes

With the exception of the 16th, 18th & 32nd largest, and the 17th tallest, the exact location of the largest & tallest coastal redwood trees are kept secret to protect the trees from ground compaction, and incidental & flagrant damage to the shallow roots and the trunks, which could impair & shorten their lives.
The ‘Diameter (dbh)’ represents the ‘average diameter of a tree’ when  measured at ‘breast height’ or ‘4.5 feet above average ground level’.

Some information on this web-site was derived from postings by others. All  of the ‘color’ photographs are ‘Ed Gilbert’ originals, unless otherwise noted.

World’s tallest: ‘Hyperion’

A fire-hollowed giant & me in the ‘Goose-Pen’ cavern

Text Box: The Coastal Redwoods . . . The ‘Red-Gold’ Living Legends

In the most favorable parts of their range, California’s magnificent coastal redwoods can grow to more than 380 feet high (about as tall as a 38-story building) and with trunks up to 30 feet in diameter at breast-height, and they can live for more than 2,500 years. However, ancient coastal redwoods are rare - less than 5 percent of the original forest remains today. These ancient forests contain the highest standing biomass (total of all aboveground organic matter) of any forest on Earth and, therefore, store incredible amounts of carbon.

The coastal redwood is one of the world’s fastest growing conifers. In contrast to the tree’s size, redwood cones are very small - only about an inch long. Each cone contains 14 to 24 tiny seeds: It would take well over 100,000 seeds to weigh a pound! In good conditions, redwood seedlings grow rapidly, sometimes more than a foot annually. Young trees also sprout from their parent's roots, taking advantage of the energy and nutrient reserves contained within the established, shallow root system.
In recent years, scientists have discovered that life abounds in the canopy and on the forest floor. Canopy research supported by the ‘Save the Redwoods League’ has revealed many species that live their entire lives in the redwood canopy, including worms, salamanders and plants such as Sitka spruce, ferns and huckleberry.
Frequent, naturally occurring fires play an important role in keeping the coastal redwood ecosystems healthy because they rid the forest floor of combustible materials. In contrast, decades of fire suppression practices usually result in the accumulation of dead plant material that may fuel intense, destructive fires.

Coastal redwoods grow naturally only in a narrow 450-mile strip along the coast from central California to southern Oregon. In this ‘redwood belt’, temperatures are moderate year-round. Heavy winter rains and dense summer fog provide the trees with much-needed water during the otherwise drought-prone summers. In fact, redwoods create their own ‘rain’ by capturing the fog on their lofty branches, contributing moisture to the forest in the driest time of year.
While these climate and terrain conditions foster the growth of the redwoods, other factors come into play to enhance their chance for long term survival and immense growth. First off, their very spongy and up to one-foot thick bark gives them the capacity to absorb and hold a large amount of water. This, combined with the lack of flammable resins in their makeup, makes them very fire-resistant. Secondly, the tannic acid in their genetic makeup, which acts as a natural insecticide and fungicide, protects them from attack by pests and disease. You will never see moss or fungus growing on a healthy redwood tree. Thirdly, their very shallow root-structure extends outward, radially, for a long distance from the tree base. Those extended roots attach to the roots of the other redwoods in the grove and provide them all with the stability to resist falling during periods of high wind and ground saturation from heavy rainfall.  And finally, if they do become stressed from fire damage, or felling from wind or logging operations, they will most often, by their genetic nature, repair their damage or grow multiple new vertical trunks, with like DNA, surrounding the damaged trunk or stump. This new growth sprouts from ‘burls’ in the surviving root system and is commonly referred to as a ‘fairy ring’.   
All of the above factors, when combined, provide this small part of the world with a natural specie of nature that, despite climate change, catastrophic events and the ‘hands-of-man’, has been able to survive around the world, in various related forms, for more than 200 million years.
The native people of California usually did not cut down coastal redwoods, but used fallen trees to make planks for houses and hollowed-out logs for canoes. When gold was discovered in 1849, hundreds of thousands of people came to California in need of food and housing, and redwoods were logged extensively to satisfy their needs. By the 1960s, only a small fraction remained of the original 2 million acres of ancient coastal redwood forest. The largest surviving stands of ancient coastal redwoods are in Redwood National Park and Jedediah Smith, Prairie Creek, Humboldt and Big Basin Redwoods State Parks. Many others are protected in numerous other city, county and state parks and forest reserves.
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Text Box: Wikipedia: the  Coast Redwoods
Text Box: Wikipedia: the  ‘Coast Redwoods’
Text Box: Informational
  Web Links . . 
Text Box: Text Box: Text Box: The Largest & Tallest Redwood Tree Locations

  HRSP    -   Humboldt Redwoods State Park, South Humboldt County, CA     
  JSRSP  -   Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park, Del Norte County, CA
  MWSR  -   Montgomery Woods State Reserve, Mendocino County, CA 
  PCRSP -   Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, No. Humboldt County, CA
  RNP      -   Redwood National Park, North Humboldt County, CA
  RN&SP -   Redwood National & State Parks, North Humboldt & Del Norte

My name-sake:

‘Redwood-Ed’ - the tree!

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Text Box: Redwood Vistas
Text Box: Instructions for Effective Viewing of this Website
To get the most benefit from this website, and to view all of the pages, information, pictures and internet linked features that might interest you, it’s suggested that you ‘CLICK’ on the                buttons, 	 buttons, underlined red text in text writings and elsewhere, the ‘opening message ’ above, ’The Tallest Coastal Redwood Trees’ data box, and many of the ‘thumbnail pictures’ to expand them for better viewing. These actions can be reversed by ‘Clicking’ the ’go back     ’. There are more than 200 ‘CLICK’ opportunities, including 45 on this page alone, to choose from. Text Box: North Sector Views
Text Box: Historical Views
Historical Forest ViewsHistorical Forest ViewsHistorical Forest ViewsText Box: Go to . . .
Text Box: #xxText Box: The Largest Coastal Redwood Trees

        The currently known twenty-seven (27) largest coastal redwoods, 
     by total wood volume in the main trunk and appendages, combined:        
Rank    Tree Name         Location      Volume          Height    Diameter (dbh)      
					  (cu-m)   (cu-ft)     (m)      (ft)        (m)      (ft)
   1  The biggest so far . . .
   2  Spartan              
   3  Melkor
   4  Iluvatar
   5  Del Norte Titan
   6  Lost Monarch
   7  El Viejo Del Norte
   8  Howland Hill Giant
   9  Sir Isaac Newton
 10  Terex Titan
 11  Adventure Tree
 12  Bull Creek Giant
 13  Arco Giant
 14  Drury Tree 
 15  Westridge Giant
 16  Big Tree
 17  Jupiter
 18  Giant Tree
 19  Brown Creek Tree
 20  Elk Giant
 21  Fanghorn Tree
 22  Atlas Tree
 23  Foothill Giant
 24  Redwood Creek Giant
 25  Godwood Creek Giant
 26  Sacajawea
 27  Stratosphere Giant
Text Box: Text Box: Text Box: The Tallest Coastal Redwood Trees

The currently known twelve (12) tallest coastal redwoods

   Rank       Tree Name        Location    Height (rounded)     Diameter (dbh)       
                                                                     (m)              (ft)           (m)              (ft)
      1       Hyperion                      RNP            116              381          4.84            15.2
      2       Helios		     RNP	  115              378	  4.88            16.0
      3       Stratosphere Giant     HRSP          114	          375	  5.18	         17.0
      4	   Nugget		     RNP	  113	          372	  4.39            14.4
      5       Icarus		     RNP	  113	          371          3.78           12.4 
      6	   Lauralyn		     HRSP           113	          371          4.54           14.9
      7	   Millennium		     HRSP	  113	          371	  2.71             8.9
      8	   Paul Zinke		     HRSP	  113	          370	  2.90             9.5
      9	   Paradox		     HRSP	  112              369	  3.90           12.8
     10      Orion		     RNP	  112	          369          4.18           13.7
     11      Minaret		     HRSP	  112              369          3.26           10.7
     12	   Apex		     HRSP           112	          368     	   3.38           11.1                 			
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Text Box:  ‘Redwood-Ed’                      ‘Gilbert-Racing’
Text Box: To return to the
 top of this page
Text Box: Text Box: Text Box: RN&SP    1218    43,000     96.9    318       7.56    24.8 
JSRSP     1194    42,158     94.2    305       7.89    25.9
RNP         1109    39,100   106.3    349       6.82    22.4   
PCRSP    1064    37,500     91.4    300       6.00    19.7
JSRSP     1055    37,200     93.6    306      7.22     23.7
JSRSP     1206    36,500     97.8    321      7.19     23.6
JSRSP     1002    35,400     98.7    324      7.04     23.1
JSRSP       953    33,580   100.6    330      6.02     19.2
PCRSP      942    33,192     91.1     299      6.85    22.5
PCRSP      919    32,384     82.3     270      6.49    21.3
PCRSP      912    32,140   101.8     334      4.95    16.5
HRSP         882    31,144   102.7     339      6.79    19.4
RNP           871    30,699     79.8     267      6.85    22.7
PCRSP      845    29,744     83.8     275      5.85    19.2
PCRSP      839    29,541     74.4     245      7.01    24.4
PCRSP      812    28,619     87.2     286      6.58    21.6
RN&SP      793    28,000     77.4     254      8.90    29.2 
HRSP        789     27,800  108.2     355      4.95    16.5 
PCRSP      781    27,515     77.2     245      6.41    20.7
PCRSP      793    27,944     94.7     300      5.88    19.0
JSRSP       766    27,000     75.6     248      6.40    21.0
PCRSP      764    26,938     87.8     296      6.86    22.5
PCRSP      752    26,500     91.7     301      7.59    24.9
RNP           742    26,193   110.4     362      5.21    17.1                                                                    PCRSP      726    25,636   107.9     353      7.47    25.0 JSRSP       676    23,876     98.7     321      6.92    22.7    HRSP         625    22,071   114.3     375      5.18    17.0
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Text Box: Redwoods - the Super Trees  #2
Text Box: Redwoods - the Super Trees  #1
Text Box: Redwood Hikes
Text Box: Redwood Nat’l and State Parks
Text Box: CA Redwood State Parks
Text Box: Redwoods & ClimateChange
Text Box: A Guide for Teachers/Learners
Text Box: Tallest Tree Found in RNP #1
Text Box: Tallest Tree Found in RNP #2
Text Box: Largest Coast Redwoods
Text Box: Tallest Coast Redwoods
Text Box: Redwood Finder
Text Box: Doing Canopy Science
Text Box: Text Box: Measuring Redwood Giants
Text Box: Wild Animals!
Just ask a Ranger
Text Box: Albino Redwoods  ‘The Ghost Trees’
Text Box: Redwood Hikes
Text Box: Redwood Nat’l and State Parks
Text Box: CA Redwood State Parks
Text Box: Redwoods & Climate Change
Text Box: Tallest Tree Found in RNP #1
Text Box: Tallest Tree Found in RNP #2
Text Box: A Giant Legacy:
‘Redwood Parks’
Text Box: Kids!  ‘Discover the Forest’
Text Box: Forest Facts
Text Box: Text Box: Redwoods Information
Text Box: Save the Red-  woods League
Text Box: Sempervirens Fund
Text Box: Save-the-Red-  woods League
Text Box: Sempervirens  Fund
Text Box: A Guide for Teachers/Learners
Text Box: Text Box: If trees gave off ‘Wifi’ signals, we would plant thousands of new trees. By doing that, we’d be helping save life on this very endangered planet. 

Unfortunately, redwood trees only produce the  oxygen we need to live. There’s seldom a ‘Wifi’ signal in these forests, but the trees promise  you won’t find a better connection  anywhere!
Text Box: 13      Mendocino                  MWSR          112             368           3.08           10.1
Text Box: The currently known thirteen (13) tallest coastal redwoods